2024

Vol.30 No.4

Editorial Office

Review

  • Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society
  • Volume 29(4); 2022
  • Article

Review

Journal of the Microelectronics and Packaging Society 2022;29(4):9-14. Published online: Feb, 9, 2023

Synthesis of Polyimide Crosslinked Silica-based Aerogel with Enhanced Mechanical Properties and Its Physico-chemical Properties

  • Jiseung Kim1, Haryeong Choi2, Taehee Kim2, Wonjun Lee1, Hong-Sub Lee3,†
    1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kangwon National University, 1, Kangwondaehak-gil, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, 24341, South Korea, 2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Yonsei University, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, South Korea, 3Department of Advanced Materials Engineering for Information and Electronics, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 17104, Korea
Corresponding author E-mail: h.s.lee@khu.ac.kr
Abstract

실리카 에어로겔은 매우 낮은 밀도, 고비표면적을 갖는 다공성 물질로 구조적 특성으로 인한 취약한 기계적 특성 때문에 응용이 제한되어 이를 해결하기 위한 폴리머와의 다양한 복합화 기술이 제안되어 왔다. 본 연구에서는 에어로겔의 기계적 강도를 향상시키고자 폴리이미드가 가교된 실리카 에어로겔을 합성하였다. 실리카 에어로겔을 만들기 위한 전구체로 tetraethyl orthosilicate(TEOS)가 사용되었고, 3-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane(APTES)은 폴리이미드와 가교 결합을 하기 위한 coupling agent로 사용되었다. 폴리이미드는 pyromellitic dianhydride, 3, 5-diaminobenzoic acid를 사용해 합성되었고 의 반응식을 사용해 폴리이미드 체인의 반복 단위 수가 10인 폴리이미드를 가교 결합하여 기계적 물성이 향상된 실리카 에어로겔을 구현하였다. 겔화 전에 다양한 중량비를 갖는 폴리이미드를 첨가하여 최대 압축 강도가 실리카 에어로겔 대비 19배 이상 증가가 관찰되어 폴리머 가교결합을 통한 실리카 에어로겔의 기계적 강도가 크게 개선될 수 있음을 확인하였다.
Silica aerogel is a porous material with a very low density and high specific surface area. Still, its application is limited due to its weak mechanical properties due to structural features. To solve this problem, a method of complexing it with various polymers has been proposed. We synthesized polyimide cross-linked silica aerogel by the sol-gel process to obtain high mechanical properties. Tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) was used as a precursor to make silica aerogel, and 3- aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) was used as a coupling agent for cross-linking polyimide. Polyimide was synthesized using pyromellitic dianhydride and 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid, and mechanical properties were improved by crosslinking polyimide with 10 repeating units in the polyimide chain using the reaction formula To realize silica aerogel, polyimide having various weight ratios was added before gelation, resulting in a 19-fold or greater increase in maximum compressive strength compared to pure silica aerogel. From this study, an enhancement of silica aerogel could be enhanced through polymer cross-linking bonds.

Keywords Polyimide, Silica, Aerogel, Cross-linking, Mechanical properties